Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Pericles Was Widely Seen As The Leader Of Athens. Pericles was widely seen as the leader of Athens. History Biography Geography Science Games. Funeral Oration Of Pericles. Introduction to the Funeral Oration. The dead are idealised - these are men who knew their duty and had the courage to do it, who made the ultimate sacrifice to their city and fellow-citizens, and who would risk anything but dishonour. 1. 1) What does Pericles say in this oration about the constitution, government and laws of the Athenians? They now live on eternally in people's memories. One of the most famous of these speeches is Pericles' Funeral Oration.In this speech, Pericles mourned the deaths of soldiers in the beginning battles of the Peloponnesian War. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. of the Peloponnesian War? Funeral Oration. 2. As for the idea that a noble death means eternal glory, this contrasts with the depiction of the afterlife in Homer's Odyssey (Book XI), where Achilles declares he'd rather be a living wage-labourer than a dead hero. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. Pericles eulogized … The funeral oration was spoken after the first year of the Peloponnesian war to commemorate those that had died in the war. His words are a powerful expression of the duty of every citizen to fight to defend democracy and freedom – but if, like Thucydides, you have some doubts about the justice of the wisdom of the war, then this starts to look more like dangerous propaganda. The following excerpt is from a speech known as “The Funeral Oration,” delivered by the Athenian general and politician Pericles in 431 BCE. The most important thing … Ask A Question Now; Pericles Funeral Oration. Thereafter, however, especially through the influence of the British historian George Grote and his friend the philosopher John Stuart Mill, democracy was seen as a good thing, and Pericles’ speech became its most powerful celebration. X Your answer: For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Pericles webquest print page. Question 3 The author of the document is Athenian historian, Thucydides Question 4 According to the author, Athenians are set apart from their neighbors and adversaries through; Their Constitution, does not copy laws of … Happiness depends on freedom, and freedom must be defended, so it's necessary to risk death for the happiness of all. The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are willing to die for their city. Click to see full answer Furthermore, what was the purpose of Pericles funeral oration? Pericles’ Funeral Oration, given during the first year of hostilities, is related within Thucydides’ account of the Peloponnesian War, which details a year-by-year history of the conflict between Athens and Sparta through 411 BCE. How is the speech structured? In 431 BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed. Pericles has spent most of his time so far praising Athens, to show that it was (and is) worth dying for. by heerman. Pericles' Funeral Oration - Questions. The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. Lv 7. Before the nineteenth century, ‘democracy’ was regarded by most people as mob rule, and so a speech in praise of democracy was of little use; one French translation at the time of the Revolution used phrases like “our constitution is called ‘popular’” rather than “our constitution is called a democracy” to avoid the negative overtones of the word. 2. Thucydides Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Thucydides Favorite Answer. It is true that we are called a democracy, because power is in the hands of the many and not the few . Question 1 The excerpt came from Thucydides’, “Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War” document. Pericles notes that there are practical advantages from fighting ("what is to be gained by beating the enemy back"), but he wants to stress more idealistic motives: citizens should fall in love with their city, so that they willingly sacrifice themselves it and thus receive eternal glory. "Funeral Oration" supposedly delivered in winter, 430 (from Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, book 2) Retold in English by Stan Rummel Section 01: Thucydides' Introduction In the same winter the Athenians gave a funeral at the public cost to those who had first fallen in this war. A funeral oration is a lengthy speech given at a funeral. Click to see full answer Also question is, what is the purpose of Pericles speech? Pericles’ funeral oration “We may encounter many defeats but we must not be defeated ”, the words with such a strong meaning can be used perfectly to inspire the audience. After falling from power, he wrote his account of the war from his point of view. [6] To a man of spirit, cowardice and disaster coming together are far more bitter than death striking him unperceived at a time when he is full of courage and animated by the general hope. 9th grade . This question hasn't been … In an essay, describe Antigone’s, Creon’s, and Pericles’ respective answers to these … As always, Thucydides does not offer us clear lessons or instructions, but demands that we consider complicated questions. University of Bristol History of the Peloponnesian War: Pericles' Funeral Oration DRAFT. The most important thing to … Edit. What did he mean?' It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. Questions on this quiz are based on information from Pericles. You will find all the answers you need in the text and introduction to the Penguin Classics edition of Thucydides' History of the Pelopponesian War. 0 0 0. 404 BCE) in his History of the Peloponnesian War. English. Finish Editing. How does this passage lead on from earlier points in Pericles' Funeral Speech? Share practice link. Aristotle's 'Athenian Constitution' is thought to have been a copy of the original … Historians are agreed that the Athenians lived and spoke as they believed. Test your knowledge of funeral oration with an interactive quiz and printable worksheet. In a democracy, where all citizens are legally equal, there are still differences between rich and poor. It has been argued that Abraham Lincoln’s famous Gettysburg Address in 1863 was influenced by it; that is very uncertain, but the other speech on that occasion, a mammoth two-hour effort by one Edward Everett, constantly referred to it. Thucydides wrote the funeral oration of Pericles *during* the Peloponesian war, while he was recording the events of the war. "Pericles’ Funeral Oration And Last Speech as Political Documents" published on 01 Jan 1998 by Brill. After falling from vigor, he wrote his account of the struggle from his factor of view. Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Answer to: Why did Pericles give the Funeral Oration? . In a democracy, where all citizens are legally equal, there are still differences between rich and poor. . It’s hard for us to imagine today that some peoples actually lived up to their ideals, but the world of Athens described by Pericles in his Funeral Oration was true to Athenian principles. Relevance. Uncategorized. To … After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. 8 years ago. Homework. A.B. War And Peace Wealth And Poverty First Words The Eye Athenian Democracy. Document A: Pericles (Modified) The following excerpt is from a speech known as “The Funeral Oration,” delivered by the Athenian general and politician Pericles in 431 BCE. The Funeral Oration of Pericles The excerpt below is taken from Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. He gave this speech during a funeral for Athenian soldiers that died in the first year of the brutal Peloponnesian War against Sparta, Athens’s chief rival. Relevance. Part Two: Essay (45 points) Choose among the questions below to reply to. Please help improve it by rewriting it in a balanced fashion that contextualizes different points of view. … In 431 BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed. 1 Thucydides, Pericles' Funeral Oration I will speak first of our ancestors, for it is right and seemly that now, when we are lamenting the dead, a tribute should be paid to their memory. Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles' Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. Feel free to con Certainly citizens were expected to fight for their city, but actually falling in love with the city is Pericles' own idea. In the “Gettysburg Address”, Lincoln subsequently also … fergamom. Funeral orations were popular in ancient Athens and quite a few of those written … "Pericles’ Funeral Oration And Last Speech as Political Documents" published on 01 Jan 1998 by Brill. While Pericles’ funeral oration undoubtedly reflects the sentiments of the statesmen, we must remember that the text was not transcribed verbatim. Pericles's Funeral Oration. and find homework help for other Pericles questions at eNotes Login to reply the answers Post; Lomax. Practice. It is Where does Pericles describe the Athenian taste in art, and what is it? Pericles' funeral oration is considered to be a valuable speech on the importance of democracy and a sneak peek into the way the people of Athens lived. Thucydides' Greek is notoriously difficult, but the language of Pericles Funeral Oration is considered by many to be the most difficult and virtuosic passage in the History of the Peloponnesian War. The reading is followed by 4 comprehension and critical thinking questions perfect for class discussion. In the second section of his speech he turns from talking about the war dead to talking about Athens and its people. 7 years ago. neither is poverty an obstacle; a man … What picture of Athenian democracy does the speech give? Disagreement about “who is mourned,” “who gets to mourn them,” and “how should this mourning occur,” are significant issues in these two texts. g. Expert answered|alvinpnglnn|Points 9233| Log in for more information. There's no mention of any afterlife, just eternal glory. Tel: +44 (0)117 928 9000 Indeed, as Pericles argues in sections 5-6, if you're prosperous and successful you should be less afraid of death than someone who is poor and wretched; the unfortunate man hasn't got much honour or much hope of improving his situation, whereas the fortunate man runs the constant risk as long as he's alive that his fortunes will change and he'll suffer the abject humilation of losing everything. From Pericles Funeral Oration. This Pericles's Funeral Oration was delivered in a public funeral in honor of all those who had laid their lives in the war. Modern parallels of the Pericles' Funeral Oration. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech during the war, in 430 BC. 74 terms. Even today we view this ancient city as the birthplace of the values of equality and … Oration Pericles' Funeral Oration painted by Philipp Foltz in 1852. In the speech, Pericles describes the superior qualities of Athenian democracy as compared with … Understanding the Passage (Key Questions) Understanding the Passage (Some Answers) Further Reading . Indeed, a worthy summation of Pericles’s oration is that it is a count of the “points in which [Athens] is worthy of admiration”. (Ancient History Sourcebook: Thucydides (c. 460/455-c. 399 BCE): Pericles’ Memorial Oration through the Peloponnesian Warfare (Book 2 . The Athenians would go on to lose the war with Sparta. Pericles’ Funeral Oration (With Corresponding Questions) Pericles (around 495-429 B.C.E.) Men Who Understand Their Duties Men Who Like Adventure All Of These Are Correct. Correct answers: 1 question: Read this quotation from pericles’s funeral oration in ancient athens. Bristol, BS8 1QU, UK Compare Antigone and Pericles funeral oration or the Melian dialogue. Thucydides used this opportunity to recreate the experience of listening to the greatest orator of his time, and at the same time to give his reader a sense of Pericles’ own ideas and of the ideals that inspired the Athenians; and, as always, he wanted his readers to think about those ideas and ideals, and to compare them to the reality of events. 34-46). ) Queens Road [5] The unfortunate who has no hope of a change for the better has less reason to throw away his life than the prosperous who, if he survive, is always liable to a change for the worse, and to whom any accidental fall makes the most serious difference. Thanks! Its Administration Favours The Many Instead Of The Few; This Is Why It Is Called A Democracy. He was an extremely successful man, and well rounded in many aspects of Athenian leadership Compare Antigone and Pericles … In this activity, students will read Pericles' famous "Funeral Oration," as recorded by the historian Thucydides and answer comprehension questions. Peloponnesian conflict 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides used to be an Athenian statesman for the period of the Peloponnesian struggle. Mourning is common theme that connects Sophocles’ Antigone, and Thucydides’ report of Pericles funeral oration. Then, they work with a small group to paraphrase this complex speech into modern language. Hmm, strange question really, with a long answer. Pericles eulogized Athens itself, using the occasion to rally Athens and Athenians by reminding them of their traditions, beliefs, and glory. The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are w… His speech gives great insight into Athenian life and culture, especially government. Pericles describe Athenian democracy: Democracy should favor the majority of the people, not just a select few. But if they were worthy of praise, still more … Play. Pericles was a famous Greek general. Thucydides' Greek is notoriously difficult, but the language of Pericles Funeral Oration is considered by many to be the most difficult and virtuosic passage in the History of the Peloponnesian War. For this discussion, in one … John. Contact us, Department of Classics and Ancient History, Institute of Greece, Rome and the Classical Tradition. 0��. 1 decade ago. [2] The sacrifice which they collectively made was individually repaid to them; for they received again each one for himself a praise which grows not old, and the noblest of all sepulchers—I speak not of that in which their remains are laid, but of that in which their glory survives, and is proclaimed always and on every fitting occasion both in word and deed. This section may lend undue weight to the Gettysburg Address. Introduction to the Funeral Oration. everyone is equal before the law; when a citizen is in any way distinguished, he is chosen for public service, not as a matter of privilege, but as reward for his abilities. everyone is equal before the law; when a citizen is in any way distinguished, he is chosen for public … The Funeral Oration of Pericles The excerpt below is taken from Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. ), Thucydides (Oxford, 2009) – originally published in 1958. Pericles praises Athens so that people will keep fighting; he praises the sacrifices of the dead so that others will imitate them. Editors Note: Democracy had its beginnings in Athens around 500 B.C. First, he was the leading citizen of Athens at that time and his vision guided the Athenians’ early actions in the war. TERMS IN THIS SET (74) No finer expression of the ideas of democracy exists than the famous Funeral Oration delivered by who in honor of the Athenians who fell fighting Sparta during the first year (431 B.C.) Pericles is called upon to give a funeral oration for those who have died in the Peloponnesian War. Pericles delivered his funeral oration speech during the war, in 430 BC. [citation needed] The speech is full of rhetorical devices, such as antithesis, anacoluthon, asyndeton, anastrophe, hyperbaton, and others; most famously the rapid succession of proparoxytone words beginning with e … View Set. In spite of his often jingoistic faith in Athens, Pericles is indeed right in assuming that “the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be [Athens’s]”. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Thanks! 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